ENGLISH COMMITTEE DESCRIPTIONS
There are lots of activities available for HACIA Democracy members to choose from. Have a look at our offerings and make sure to get in touch if anything is unclear. We look forward to seeing you soon.
PERMANENT COUNCIL OF THE OAS (DOUBLE DELEGATION)
Topic 1: Climate change is an issue impacting countless people globally, however, it exacerbates many issues that Latin America is already facing, such as displacement, poverty, and pollution. Delegates in the Permanent Council of the OAS will be debating the creation and implementation of climate regulations to combat this crisis. Because Latin America is highly vulnerable to climate change, there are many perspectives to consider when it comes to creating more climate regulations. Latin American Countries have differing needs when it comes to their economy, environment, and healthcare, so delegates will be tasked with creating a position paper on this topic that considers all perspectives.
Topic 2: This background guide is aimed at the Permanent Council of the Organization of American States (OAS) and provides an overview of the challenges and opportunities associated with the adoption of artificial intelligence (AI) in Latin America. It covers various aspects, including the definition and scope of AI, the current state of AI adoption in Latin American countries, potential economic benefits and social impacts of AI development, challenges related to data privacy and ethics, and policy recommendations. The guide emphasizes the importance of fostering inclusive and ethical AI development, promoting economic growth and innovation, addressing social challenges, and ensuring the responsible and transparent use of AI technologies in the region.
PAHO (DOUBLE DELEGATION)
Topic 2: Within the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), member countries in the Americas have faced various health crises throughout history, including outbreaks of diseases such as Zika, dengue fever, HINI influenza, and Ebola. The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic in Latin America has sparked a crucial need to examine the response to this crisis and to reflect on past health epidemics and pandemic responses in the region. Through a comprehensive analysis of the past health epidemics and pandemic responses, you will propose resolutions that drive reform, establish effective oversight tools, promote education, and address systemic public health challenges.
INTER-AMERICAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS
Topic 1: As a part of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights committee, I have focused on the case of Yanomami v. Brazil. In 1980, petitioners representing the Yanomami community of Brazil accused the Government of Brazil of violating their human rights, particularly those protected by the Brazilian Constitution and the American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man. Petitioners alleged that the occupation of Yanomami territory by private and government-funded corporations had devastated Yanomami communities, resulting in widespread displacement, resource and land disappropriation, disease, and social disintegration. Ultimately, this case highlights the interrelationship between Indigenous sovereignty, healthcare, and cultural heritage.
OAS SPECIAL MISSION (DOUBLE DELEGATION)
Throughout recent history, El Salvador has succumbed to periods of gang violence, political instability, and poor state capacity. As a result, several Salvadorans have been displaced and forced to internally re-locate for civil, societal, and political reasons. However, President Nayib Bukele's recent rise to power has changed the social and political landscape of El Salvador. This committee will focus on internal displacement and migration in El Salvador, as well as analyze the internal conditions of the country during and post-Bukele.
THE COMMUNITY OF LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN STATES (CELAC)
Topic 2: The United Nations World Health Organization (WHO) defines reproductive health as a “state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity, in all matters relating to the reproductive system and to its functions and processes”. In 2022, WHO shared that “almost everyone of reproductive age—about 4.3 billion people [worldwide] —will not have access to at least one essential reproductive health intervention over the course of their lives”. Action to improve access to reproductive healthcare is especially necessary in Latin America and the Caribbean. In this committee, we will be discussing socioeconomic and policy solutions towards reproductive justice in Latin America and the Caribbean.
LEGISLATURE OF THE DOMINICAN REPUBLIC 2024
The committee on ending anti-Haitian sentiments (antihaitianismo) in the Dominican Republic sheds light on the deep-rooted racism and its impact on Haitian-Dominican relations. In this committee, we will explore the solutions that work towards resolving this issue, leading to a more harmonious society. This includes but is not limited to delving into the historical context, socio-cultural dynamics, and legal framework to gain a comprehensive understanding. Your participation will shape the future of Haitian-Dominican relations.
The conviction of former Panamanian Dictator Manuel Antonio Noriega in Miami, Florida, revealed profound details about the corruption facing the Panamanian government within realms of human rights and drug trafficking, as well as the influences of the United States within the region. Following a sentence of 40 years in the United States and sentencing of 20 in Panama, Noriega became the focus of the Panamanian National Assembly of 1995. As a member of the Assembly, you will take on the role of critical political figures, determining whether to call for the extradition of Noriega as well as the future of US-Panamanian relations.